​Private Day Trips from Belgrade to the River Danube - Tours of the Iron Gates

 

   All our private day trips to the East of Serbia - the Danube River Valley and the Iron Gates are guided in English or Spanish by a professional Serbian Heritage Interpreter and licensed Tour Guide.

   Day trips from Belgrade are organised from Monday to Sunday and start at 8 a.m. and end at 8 p.m. in Belgrade, from your hotel or any other place of your choosing within the town area. Our professional chauffeur will be driving us safely in a superior class car or minibus.

 

   The Danube is Europe's second longest river and the Iron Gates separates the southern Carpathian Mountains from the north-western foothills of the Balkan Mountains. The Iron Gates is the longest breakthrough type gorge in Europe, a natural canyon made up of four narrow gorges, separated from each other by ravines and broad basins, spread over an 83-mile stretch of the Danube. One of the greatest river depths in the world of 270 ft has been measured in one of the gorges of the Iron Gates. 

   The Danube River has been important traffic and trading route since prehistoric times. Along the left and right banks of the Danube, numerous archaeological sites reveal the presence of ancient human settlements. Two splendid cultures of Lepenski Vir and Vica left their traces on the banks of the Danube. Romans built Via Militaris and Limes with many strongholds. Roman emperor Trajan built the famous bridge spanning the Danube. In the Middle Ages the Byzantines, Hungarians, Serbians and Ottoman Turks started many battles and fought for supremacy and control of one of the most important European routes. In 1970-ties, Yugoslavia and Romania built a massive lock and dam to help control the speed of the river and make the navigation safer. The river flowing through the Iron Gates calmed and the water rose 130 feet higher than before the dam and the Hydroelectric Power Plant of Djerdap, were built.

No.14 – Private Day Trip to the Iron Gates and Three Fortresses on the River Danube   

   We will travel through the countryside to visit three medieval fortresses, where Serbian, Hungarian and Ottoman armies waged wars, and where many of the most distinguished European knights fought for the control over the Danube River.

   SMEDEREVO FORTRESS is the largest medieval lowland type fortress in Europe. The fort spreads across 27 acres of land and is divided into two parts: the Small Town or the Court and the Outer Town. It is encircled by a mile long crenellated walls over two meters thick with 25 towers, each of which is 82 ft tall. The last Serbian medieval capital - Smederevo Fortified Town was erected on the right bank of the Danube River in the 15th century, and for centuries it held an important post as a religious and commercial centre that connected the Balkans and Central Europe. Smederevo Fortress has been included in UNESCO’s Tentative List of World Heritage Sites.

   GOLUBAC FORTRESS stands on a cliff right at the entrance to the Iron Gates. The mighty fortress, with its eight tall towers and crenellated walls, was built in the 14th century at the borders of the medieval Serbian Principality and the Kingdom of Hungary. It was an important stronghold controlling the land and water routes that were connecting the East and the West of Europe. Due to its strategic position, it was a scene of many battles.

   RAM FORTRESS was erected on a steep slope, in the marshy areas of the bend of the river Danube. It overlooks the other bank of the river Danube and the much larger Deliblato Sand in the Banat region. In the late 15th century, Sultan Bayezid II built a present fort with five cannon towers, for the elite Ottoman units and the heavy artillery. Apart from the defensive role against the Hungarians, it also controlled the traffic on the Danube and served as the starting point in Turkish excursions in the northern areas and the Pannonian Basin.

No.15 – Private Day Trip from Belgrade to the Iron Gates and Djerdap National Park

   We will head to the east via countryside, enter the Djerdap National Park and travel through the Iron Gates following the Danube. You will enjoy spectacular views of the Danube, its gorges, cauldrons, the Carpathian and the Balkan Mountains. During the visits of the Museum of Lepenski Vir and the Museum of Vinca, you will learn about two splendid cultures of the Danube Valley Civilisations. Later we will step inside the medieval FORTRESS of GOLUBAC for a visit and continue through the most beautiful part of the Iron Gates and its gorges to the Hydroelectric Power Plant of Djerdap and see the remarkable rock sculpture of Decebalus - the king of Dacians.

   LEPENSKI VIR is the unique prehistoric site with traces of life since the early Mesolithic period - from 9500 BC to the early Neolithic - 5500 BC. Planned building of settlements with habitats, trapezoid-base sanctuaries, necropolises indicating special burial rituals, monumental sculptures in stone testify to the fact that this site was not only a settlement but also a religious centre.

   Although all original stone fish like sculptures are safely kept in the National Museum of Serbia in Belgrade, excellent copies are on display in the Museum of Lepenski Vir. Remains of the settlement were moved from the original location on the bank of the Danube to the nearby hill, and we can see them inside the museum.

   Neolithic culture of VINCA represents a unique society of our desired ideal future. Vinca was a metropolis, a prosperous trading centre and the meeting point of the routes from different parts of Europe and Asia. It was a society of industrious artisans, traders, farmers and miners who lived peacefully without wars and any social ranking for over two millennia. Their homes in large, comfortable and multi-storeyed buildings had perfect insulation.

   Vinca tablets dated to 5,500 BC and the glyphs on the tablets are a form of the language yet to be deciphered. Their symbols have been found in multiple archaeological sites throughout the Danube Valley areas and are inscribed on pottery, figurines and other clay artefacts. Leading specialists in ancient scripts and ancient languages, firmly support the view that the Vinca script is the oldest writing in the world that predated Egypt and the Near East regions by 1000-2000 years.

For all inquiries please contact: 

serbian.heritage.tours@gmail.com

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